Judge Posner Gives Up on Justice as a Lost Cause

Much too often federal defendants are advised to plead guilty by under-educated and self-serving court-appointed lawyers. Unfortunately, each year, tens of thousands of defendants who are actually innocent are convicted of crimes they didn't commit. False conviction is recognized by The Federal Public Defenders Office as a leading cause of Mass-Incarceration. In 2018, The Federal Defenders Office published it's findings about innocent people being coerced into pleading guilty. In a report entitled "Trial Tax," the Federal Defenders Office laid out the frightening details. "Trial Tax" is available on line.


Once defendants are found guilty by plea agreement they discover that they also waived their right to appeal from their illegal